Lesson 52 - Where did you buy it ?
The name of shops are a very easy to thing to remember, as long as you know what they sell. For example, a you know a flower is hana. Well, a flower shop is hanaya. Usually, you just take what they sell and add a ya on the end. For example, a fish market would be sakanaya. The word for meat is niku, so a butcher shop would be called nikuya. Kutsu are shoes, so kutsuya is a shoe store. Kudamono is fruit, so a kudamonoya would be a fruit stand. However, there are excepts. Take yaoya, a vegetable shop. Yasai is the word for vegetables, but it was changed when the ya was added. Even though this is common, not all stores are like this. There is also the universal SUUPAA MAAKETTO, or the supermarket, which sells many of these things, and may even just be called SUUPAA. In the past, you have learned that the word kara can mean "because". Now we will learn another meaning-- from. With this meaning, it is usually used with the word made, which means "until". Here is a few examples of how you would use this: Ani wa kinou no yoru ni chuugoku kara kankoku made hikouki de ikimashita. (My brother went from China to Korea by plane last night.) Gakkou wa shichiji kara sanji made desu. (School is from 7:00 to 3:00.) Helen san wa DOITSU kara desu. (Helen is from Germany.) Toshokan wa hachiji made desu. (The library is opened until 8:00.)
Let's get into a conversation between Akira and Hiroki.
Akira: Hiroki-kun, okaeri! Itsu koko ni kimashita ka.
Hiroki: Boku wa kesa BAIKU de kimashita. Daigaku kara kimashita.
Akira: BAIKU ga arimasu ka.
Hiroki: Hai. Demo, furui desu. Okane ga arimasen deshita. Sengetsu kaimashita.
Akira: Sou desu ka. Hayai desu ka.
Hiroki: Un, totemo hayai desu! Sugoi desu ne.
Akira: Sou desu. Doko ni kaimashita ka.
Hiroki: Machi de kaimashita.
Akira: Watashi wa Hiroki-kun to raigetsu daigaku ni ikimasu ka.
Hiroki: Hai! Kongetsu mo ikimasu ne.
Akira: Sou desu!
Let's see what they said. Hiroki said "I'm home!" and Akira said, "Welcome home! When did you come here?" Hiroki replies, "I came this morning on my motorbike. I came from the university." Akira says, "You have a motorbike?" Hiroki replies, "Yes. But, it is old. I didn't have money. I bought it last month." (Sengetsu is last month and furui is old) Akira asks if it is hayai or fast, and Hiroki replies is it very fast, and "Isn't it awesome?" Akira agrees and asks where he bought it. Hiroki replies he bought it in town. Then Akira asks, "Next month, will I go to the university with you?" Hiroki replies, "Yes. This month you will go too, won't you?" Akira replies he will.
花屋 Hanaya - flower shop
肉 Niku- meat
肉屋 Nikuya- butcher shop
靴 Kutsu- shoes
靴屋 Kutsuya- shoe store
果もの Kudamono- fruit
果もの屋 Kudamonoya- fruit stand
野菜 Yasai- vegetables
八百屋 Yaoya- vegetable shop
スーパーマーケット SUUPAA MAAKETTO- super market
から Kara- from
まで Made- until
今朝 Kesa- this morning
バイク BAIKU- motorbike
古い Furui- old
お金 Okane- money
先月 Sengetsu- last month
早い Hayai- fast
来月 Raigetsu- next month
今月 Kongetsu- this month