Lesson 44 - Your home
As you know, your own house is called uchi. Now we will learn how to talk about your place. If you don't live in a house but an apartment, you would call it an APAATO. While you can say your home is either ookii or chiisai, you can also say it is hiroi (spacious/wide) or semai (narrow/cramped).
In the past lessons, you have learned that kara can be used to say "because". You can also use it to say "from". For example, you could say SARA san wa Tokyo kara kimasu. That translates to "Sara will come from Tokyo." Another small phrase to learn is to issho ni. This means "together with". You might say Boku wa haha to issho ni kouen ni ikimashita. This means "I went to the park together with my mother."
You have also learned about the verb imasu, which is to exist. You learned that it can be used to say someone is there or you have something. You can also say Sara san wa kyoushitsu ni imasu or "Sara is in the classroom". That, along with the number of people (ex hitori, futari, etc) are the three ways to useimasu.
With all that said, let's get into a nice conversation between Katana and Hajiki.
Katana: Ohayou, Hajiki-kun. Are wa anata no uchi desu ka.
Hajiki: Hai! Boku no desu. Chiisai desu ne. APAATO desu.
Katana: Semai desu ka.
Hajiki: Sou desu. Doko ni sunde imasu ka.
Katana: Chiba ni sunde imasu. Uchi wa ookii desu. Hiroi desu ne.
Hajiki: Sou desu ne. Raishuu anata no uchi ni ikimasu.
Katana: Iie! Boku no tomodachi no Ryuu kun wa Hokkaidou kara kimasu. Soshite ani ni kimasu.
Hajiki: Sou desu ne... gomen ne. Okaasan wa uchi ni imasu ka.
Katana: Hai. Chichi mo uchi ni imasu.
Hajiki: Soo desu... ja mata ne.
Katana: Ja mata!
This conversation is fairly simple. Katana asks "Is that your house?" Hajiki replies, "Yes, it is small, isn't it? It's an apartment." Katana then asks if it is cramped. Hajiki replies that it is and asks where Katana lives. Katana replies, "I live in Chiba. My house is big. It is spacious, isn't it?" Hajiki then says, "Is that so? Next week I will go to your house." Katana then interjects, "No! My friend Ryuu is coming from Hokkaido." Soshite means "and then", so next he says "And then my older brother is coming." Hajiki apologizes and asks if his mother is in his house. Katana replies, "Yes. My father is also at my house." They then exchange farewells.
アパート APAATO- apartment
広い Hiroi- spacious/wide
狭い Semai- cramped/narrow
から Kara- from
と一緒に To issho ni- together with
そして Soshite- and then